Criminal psychology is concerned with why people would want to commit crimes, frequently in the face of serious repercussions. The behavior and intentions of people who want to commit criminal activities are the subjects of this branch of study. The following are the three major domains that support the notions about human nature:
- Conformist perspective - According to Merton R.K.'s theory, humans are inherently nice individuals and conforming beings who are strongly impacted by the values and attitudes of society. According to this view, humans are conformists who just want to do the right thing. What society thinks to be right is the right thing to do. Family, education, social networks, and the power of contacts can all assist you to find the appropriate item. Delinquency and criminality develop when there is a "perceived contradiction" between the aims valued and materialist ideals and the accessibility of authorized methods. Individuals and communities under stress are compelled to choose between accepting, violating laws or conventions, as a result they withdraw, conform, or rebel.
- Non-conformist perspective - The idea assumes that humans are essentially undisciplined creatures who, given the opportunity will defy society's rules and commit a crime. According to Travis Hirschi's social control theory, delinquency and criminality emerge when a person's ties to normative or customary standards are mostly nonexistent or weak, indicating a flaw in society's checks and balances. This idea believes that human behavior is inherently 'evil' or 'antisocial.'
- The third theory holds that humans are born 'neutral' and learn all of their views, attitudes, and dispositions from their social environment. According to this hypothesis, criminal behavior is learned through social interactions. It is not caused by a mental disease, emotional disturbance, or inherently good or bad attributes. Individuals learn to be criminals as a result of the information they receive from other criminals. This hypothesis is effectively summarized by the conventional thinking that "poor company promotes bad behavior."
A WORD FROM SOCIALLY SOULED
Criminal psychologists are frequently called witnesses in court so that the jury can better understand the minds of criminals. Dealing with the facets of criminal behavior is aided by psychology. "Any sort of antisocial behavior which is typically penalized by law but can be punished by norms, proclaimed by the community," is commonly referred to as criminal behavior. The function performed by psychology in the legal system serves to change our legal system as well as help maintain justice, equity, and a good conscience. Psychology is a step ahead in making the legal system ideal. Understanding criminal behavior is the best approach to reducing crime, therefore studying about it could help prevent future crimes from happening.